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Thread: What is the oldest known Judo manual?

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    Default What is the oldest known Judo manual?

    I posses a pdf file named "Judo Gokui Dokushu Zukai Okuden 1913 柔道極意独習 図解奥伝" which seems to be an old Judo manual with some nice illustrations. It gave a nice insight into the way techniques were performed back in the day so I was wondering if there are similar, possibly older, manuals out there. Also, which would be the oldest know Judo manual with illustration or pictures for that matter?

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    As far as I know, the oldest book on Kodokan judo was published in december 1904 and written by Arima Sumihoto under the title Judo -tai-i, one of the very first Kano´s student. The book was then translated into english 2 years later and then published (still in english) in 1908. It seems that this book was never published again after this date.
    Deception is one of Kenpo´s best technique.

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    Igor would you be willing to share that pdf?

    On a related note I remember an old magazine article from a Japanese magazine that showed old pictures of judoka - I want to say Meiji era- doing leg locks, including a knee bar. If anyone knows a book or article available I'd be very interested.
    Kit Leblanc

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    Quote Originally Posted by Raff View Post
    As far as I know, the oldest book on Kodokan judo was published in december 1904 and written by Arima Sumihoto under the title Judo -tai-i, one of the very first Kano´s student. The book was then translated into english 2 years later and then published (still in english) in 1908. It seems that this book was never published again after this date.
    Thanks a lot Raff. I've been searching the web and found some interesting links, gonna see were they take me.

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    Quote Originally Posted by Raff View Post
    As far as I know, the oldest book on Kodokan judo was published in december 1904 and written by Arima Sumihoto under the title Judo -tai-i, one of the very first Kano´s student. The book was then translated into english 2 years later and then published (still in english) in 1908. It seems that this book was never published again after this date.
    Close, a bit of detail to correct.
    Arima _Sumitomo_ sensei did write the text for his book possibly as early as the very late 1890's, but the book wasn't publicshed until later.
    Arima and his (elder?) brother were of the noble class, students at the Gakushuin where Kano shihan first taught and then became (briefly) the head, then for longer was the academic dean. They were two of the first 5 students of the Kodokan. Kano shihan recruited Arima to the Fifth High School in Kumamoto to teach and to run the new judo dojo when he was recalled from his aassignment to enter the Ministry of Education in 1893.

    Various versions of Arima's book remained in print for decades, mostly with the illustrations getting worse and worse as they were copied again and again, and as a sort of period piece into the earilest days of judo; that was well past the time when judo had been heavily changed into the more child-friendly version needed to get it into the school system. These latter books edited and republished by a son. Arima sensei himself died pretty young. I'll post a link to a couple of versions - if you're clever, you can download the entire books. No more than 50 pages at a time as pdf files, then you can linke them together. If the link instructions display in Japanese, you can setich to English in the top right corner.

    Here's the 1913 book mentioned. Author ATSUMI Yoshio
    http://dl.ndl.go.jp/info:ndljp/pid/9...8742&__lang=en

    Here's the earliest version of ARIMA sensei's book 1905. He died 1908.
    http://dl.ndl.go.jp/info:ndljp/pid/860394
    Versions of the book were republished periodically until at least 1925 or later.

    Lance Gatling
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    Quote Originally Posted by Lance Gatling View Post
    that was well past the time when judo had been heavily changed into the more child-friendly version needed to get it into the school system.
    Thank you for the links Lance. When did Judo officially become a part of the school system curriculum? Meaning, when was it first introduced as the child-friendly version with the school vs school tournaments and everything else?

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    Quote Originally Posted by MrIggy View Post
    Thank you for the links Lance. When did Judo officially become a part of the school system curriculum? Meaning, when was it first introduced as the child-friendly version with the school vs school tournaments and everything else?
    Suggest you read the history threads herein and on judo.motionsforum.com

    Did you ever answer if you'll share that pdf?
    Lance Gatling ガトリング
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    Quote Originally Posted by Lance Gatling View Post
    Suggest you read the history threads herein and on judo.motionsforum.com

    Did you ever answer if you'll share that pdf?
    Thanks it's for the links, yes it's been shared. Why? Are you interested?

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    For those who are interested an English version of Sumitomo Arima's book can be downloaded from this link: https://drive.google.com/file/d/1RUq...ew?usp=sharing it's a bit large though, over 400 MB but nice quality.

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    Are there supposed to be a lot of blank pages?
    Kit Leblanc

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    Quote Originally Posted by Hissho View Post
    Are there supposed to be a lot of blank pages?
    Yep, that's how I got it. I don't know why it's like that though.

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    Quote Originally Posted by MrIggy View Post
    Thanks it's for the links, yes it's been shared. Why? Are you interested?
    Always!
    thanks
    Lance Gatling ガトリング
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    Long as we're making up titles, call me 'The Duke of Earl'

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